As mentioned in a previous article, Sūrah al-Fātiḥah revolves around discussing the three basic principles of Islam. Namely, belief in Allah , following the Prophet , and working on one’s character and practice of Islam. Sūrah al-Baqarah expands upon the first principle and details its many different aspects. The question I want to explore in this article however, is the relevance of the name of this chapter with the aforementioned theme. What is the significance of the story of the cow after which the Sūrah is named?
An integral part of belief in Allah is to adhere to all of His commandments, irrespective of whether or not we comprehend the full wisdom behind them. Submitting to Allah is the essence of worship and the meaning of being a true servant of Allah . Rejecting His commandments or neglecting them is the path to earning Allah’s wrath and anger. It is this essential and central concept of belief in Allah that the story of the cow details. So important is this concept that the Sūrah is named after this incident.
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This story relates an incident that took place in the time of the Prophet Mūsā . It is said that there was a wealthy man from amongst the Children of Israel whose heirs were anticipating his death so as to inherit his wealth. However due to his longevity some of his would-be heirs became tired of waiting and expedited the process by murdering him. When the body was discovered, no one would admit to the murder nor was there any evidence to prove who had killed him. The heirs of the slain man began to accuse one another and cast suspicions upon each other. In order to settle this issue, they decided to go to the Prophet Mūsā and ask him to arbitrate.
In verses 67-73, Allah details the story. However, the format of this particular story is somewhat unique in that what is chronologically the beginning of the story is mentioned at the end of the revealed story in the Qur’an. Allah says in verses 72 and 73:
“And recall when you slew a man and disputed over it, but Allah was to bring out that which you were concealing. So We said, Strike the slain man with part of it. Thus does Allah bring the dead to life, and He shows you His signs that you might reason.”
The Prophet Mūsā was instructed by Allah to tell those people to slaughter a cow and strike the dead man with a limb of the slaughtered cow. When Mūsā conveyed this to them, instead of immediately adhering to Allah’s commandment, they were unable to fathom the connection and relevance between a murdered man and slaughtering a cow. They then responded, “And remember when Musa said to his people, Indeed Allah commands you to slaughter cow. They replied, ‘Do you take us in jest?’”
And here is the moral of this story, its relevance to the wider theme, and the reason why the Sūrah is named after it. It is not for us to question Allah’s commands. In fact, who are we to even have that audacity? Rather, the Muslim is the one who hears and obeys. The definition of ‘ʿibādah‘ or worship is to have complete love and devotion to Allah along with complete submission and humbleness before Him. Had those people accepted Allah’s command and slaughtered the cow, the issue would have been resolved. Instead they thought that Mūsā dared to joke about something as serious as this and that his instructions to them were some sort of ruse.
The Muslim does not jest and joke about Allah’s commandments, as Mūsā shows when he responded:“I seek refuge in Allah that I should be from the ignorant.” Once they realised that Mūsā was not joking, in order to try to evade carrying out the commandment they began to feign ignorance about the type of cow being requested for slaughter, even though at that point any cow would have sufficed.
“They said, ‘Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is.’” So they began to ask unnecessary questions in the hopes of evading the command. As they did so, Allah made it more difficult for them by specifying the exact cow they needed to find. Allah does not make things burdensome or difficult for people, rather it is people who often do this to themselves. Allah responded to their request by saying, “It is a cow which is neither old nor a virgin, but in between the two, so do what you are commanded.”
Still not satisfied, they enquired further: “Call upon your Lord to show us what its colour. He said that He says, ‘It is a yellow cow, bright in colour – pleasing to the observers.’” However, this too was insufficient for them, so for a third time they asked again: “They said, ‘Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is. Indeed cows look alike to us. And indeed we, if Allah wills, will be guided.’” So Allah responded, further narrowing down the cow they should choose: “It is a cow neither trained to plow the land nor irrigate the field, one free from fault with no spot on it. They said, ‘Now you have come with the truth.’ So they slaughtered it but they could hardly do it.”
From having the choice of slaughtering any cow in the land, they restricted themselves to a rare type of cow, almost impossible to find. All of this due to their excessive questioning of Allah’s commandments. For this reason the Prophet said, “From that which destroyed those who came before you was excessive questioning and differing with their prophets.” [Sahih Muslim; 1337. Narrated by Abu Hurayrah]
According to some works of tafsīr, there was a poor man who was dutiful to his elderly mother that possessed the particular cow that was needed, but he was unwilling to sell it as it was his only wealth. The heirs of the slain man had to pay him a great deal of money in order to purchase the cow. It is also said that the reason Allah chose the cow for slaughter was as a result of the Children of Israel having taken the cow as an idol, so Allah reiterated the feeble nature of the cow, one which lets itself be easily led to slaughter.
Having eventually slaughtered the cow, they struck the slain man with a limb from the cow, which brought him back to life by the permission of Allah . He then named his murderer.
This story highlights the importance of submission to Allah and His commandments, as this is a core part of belief in Allah .
Surah 2:124-137 - The Cow - Al Baqarah (The title of this surah refers to an argument between Moses and the Israelites over a cow they should sacrifice in order to make known the murder of a slain man. This is the longest of all the surah, numbering 286 ayah or verses.Why is Surah Baqarah so important? ›
Surah al Baqarah helps to protect the person who recites it against the evil eye, witchcraft, evil whispers, and it also brings immense barakah into one's time and overall peace in life. Surah Baqarah brings greater reward on The Day of Judgment and adds blessings in this worldly life.What are the benefits of Surah Baqarah last 2 Ayat? ›
Protection at Night. This is evidence that the last two verses of Surah Baqarah are a means of overnight protection for every everyone who recites them before going to sleep.What animal is baqarah? ›
There are more than 200 verses in the Quran dealing with animals and six chapters of the Quran are named after animals or insects: Surat 2, Al Baqarah (The Cow); Surat 6, Al Anaam (The Cattle), Surat 16, Al Nahl (The Bees); Surat 27, Al Naml (The Ants); Surat 29, Al Ankabut (The Spider); and Surat 105, Al Fil (The ...Is cow holy in Islam? ›
The cows are considered sacred by many, with devotees often bringing them offerings, such as grass to eat, money for the shrine and food for the malangs.Which Surah is good for home? ›
Another tactic to keep Satan away from the house is for family members to recite Surah Al-Baqarah regularly. As this surah is long, family members can alternate in the recitation of the surah. The Messenger of Allah said: “Do not make your houses into graves.What Surah Baqarah tells us? ›
Surah Al-Baqarah also teaches us about the fundamental concepts of Islam like the belief in life after death, Day of Judgment, and Fast, etc. In the Surah, Allah tells us that we should remember that the Day of Judgment will be upon us and that we should remember that this world is only temporary.What is Surah Al Mulk good for? ›
Hadhrat Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (Allah be pleased with him) reported “The one who recites Surah Tabaarak (Al-Mulk) every night, Allah Almighty will spare him from the torment of the grave; we used to call this Surah Maani'a in the sacred era of the beloved Holy Prophet (peace be upon him, his family and companions).”Which Surah can change your life? ›
Surah ad-Duha was revealed to the Prophet ﷺ to relieve him of these negative feelings and to give him hope, positivity, and the assurance that Allah is with him no matter what. From it we too can find peace, hope, and a renewed faith in Allah when we go through similar states of depression, sadness, and hopelessness.Which Surah is for success? ›
Which Surah is for success? Surah Al-Fath is the Surah for success in life. Surah Al Fath comprises of 29 Ayah.
Cow the “Sacred Animals of India” is even more than a mother in the sense that it fulfills all the needs of her children. The cow in India is believed as a gift of the gods to the peoples. Monkey: Monkey is believed as the form of God Hanuman or Bajrang Bali, the god of power and strength.What animals are haram? ›
Certain animals are considered haram, including land animals without blood, including all insects except locusts. Surah al-A'raf, V: 157; Sunan Abu Dawud, no: 3806. Most reptiles are also considered haram, as well as most pests (hasharat al-Ardh) such as mice and rats.Is cat mentioned in Quran? ›
Abu Hurairah reported that he had heard Muhammad declare that a pious woman went to Hell for after she had been annoyed by a female cat, tied her with a rope and neglected to provide her with food and water until she died.What prophet said about cow? ›
Verse 71 quotes Moses: “He [God] says: a heifer not trained to till the soil or water the fields; sound and without blemish.” It is only then the people sacrifice the heifer.Why only cow is Worshipped? ›
sanctity of the cow, in Hinduism, the belief that the cow is representative of divine and natural beneficence and should therefore be protected and venerated.What Islam says about cow? ›
Islam. Islam allows the slaughter of cows and consumption of beef, as long as the cow is slaughtered in a religious ritual called dhabīḥah or zabiha similar to the Jewish shechita.Which surah is the favorite of Allah? ›
Surat Al-A'lā is among the most recited suras in the Jummah and Witr prayers.Which surah is for husband and wife? ›
An-Nisa 4:34 is the 34th verse in the fourth chapter of the Quran. This verse adjudges the role of a husband as protector and maintainer of his wife and how he should deal with disloyalty on her part.Which surah is sad in Quran? ›
Surah Duha, Surah 93, ma sha Allah. Allah subhana wa ta'ala revealed it at a time when our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam was depressed, to soothe him. For the man who suffered the most in this world, it was something very soothing.What happens if you read Surah Yaseen everyday? ›
Importance of Yasin Shareef in Quotes
“Whoever reads Surah Yasin in one night will be forgiven in the morning.” “Whoever recites Surah Yaseen at night seeking Allah's approval, Allah would forgive him.” “Whoever continues to read it every night then dies, will die as a shaheed (martyr).”
The chapters or surahs are of unequal length; the shortest surah (Al-Kawthar) has only three verses while the longest (Al-Baqara) contains 286 verses. Of the 114 chapters in the Quran, 86 are classified as Meccan, while 28 are Medinan.What is the longest verse in the Quran? ›
The Verse of Loan (Arabic: آية ٱلدين, 'āyatu d-dayn) is verse 282 in chapter Al-Baqara (Q2:282). This verse is the longest verse at the longest chapter in Quran.Can I recite Surah Mulk without Wudu? ›
Thank you for your question. Reciting any verse of the Qur'ān is permissible without the need for wudū.Which surah is good for night? ›
Which Surah should be recited at night? According to our beloved prophet, Muhammad S.A. Sarah Al Mulk is to be recited before sleep .or in other words after namaz Isha it is best to recite surah Al-Mulk.What happens if you read Surah Mulk before sleeping? ›
Abdullah bin Mas'ud narrates that “whoever recites Surah al-Mulk every night, Allah will prevent the punishment of grave by this Surah”. According to another tradition, when a person reads Surah Al-Mulk before sleeping, an angel comes down to protect him because he is not able to protect himself due to sleep.Which surah is the strongest? ›
Ayat al-Kursi is regarded as the greatest verse of Quran according to hadith. The verse is regarded as one of the most powerful in the Quran because when it is recited, the greatness of God is believed to be confirmed.Which surah is for peaceful sleep? ›
Murattal Al-Quran Surah Ar-Rahman Improves Elderly Sleep Quality.Which surah best for patience? ›
(Quran, 32:24) With patience you will get all good things as Almighty Allah says in Quran: “But if you endure patiently, verily, it is better for As-Sabirin.” (Quran, 16:126)How can I pray to Allah for success? ›
Dua for ease and success in life
Allahumma la sahla illa ma ja'altahu sahla, wa anta taj'alul-hazna iza syi'ta sahla. “O Allah, there is no ease except in that which You have made easy and You make the difficulty if You wish, easy.”
It is ayah 114 from Surah Taha. I normally recite this all throughout my exam. It is super short and easy to remember.
- Assign meaning and purpose to the knowledge. ...
- Recite out loud and rehearse. ...
- Utilize memory devices. ...
- Utilize some colorful imagery. ...
- Understand the knowledge of the text. ...
- Take a break. ...
- Utilize them in prayer once you've got it down!
1- If you memorize Surat-al-Baqara, your beloved Prophet Muhammad ρ will be happy so much with you and you deserve to be a leader. It has been reported on the authority of Abu Hurayrahτ that the Prophetρ, sent out a delegation and they were a considerable number. He sought to hear each of them read some of the Qur'an.How can I memorize the Quran in 2 months? ›
Start with recalling The Qur'an every day by reciting 2 juz every day. Repeat it for 3 times every day, thus you will be able to finish the whole Qur'an every 2 weeks. By practicing the method for a year-full, inshaa' Allah, you will have a strong and perfect memorization.Which Surah is so called the heifer in Quran? ›
Al-Baqara, alternatively transliterated Al-Baqarah (Arabic: الْبَقَرَة, 'al-baqarah; lit. "The Heifer" or "The Cow"), is the second and longest chapter (surah) of the Quran. It consists of 286 verses (āyāt) which begin with the "mysterious letters" ("muqatta'at") A.L.M.What color was the cow in Surah Baqarah? ›
They said: “Call upon your Lord for us to make clear to us what its color is.” He said: “Surely, He (Allah) says, it is a cow yellow bright in its color that pleases the beholders (who look at).”Which insect is mentioned in Surah Al Baqarah? ›
Allah the Glorious replied their objections with the 26th verse of surah al-Baqara: “Verily, Allah is not ashamed to set forth a parable even of a mosquito or so much more when it is bigger (or less when it is smaller) than it.How many times cow mentioned in Surah Baqarah? ›
The word Cow بقرة mentioned 09 times in Quran in 09 verses.
They said, “Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is.” [Moses] said, “[Allah] says, 'It is a cow which is neither old nor virgin, but median between that,' so do what you are commanded. They said, “Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is.
The Quran talks about a miraculous She-Camel of God (Arabic: نَـاقَـة, 'she-camel') that came from stone, in the context of the Prophet Salih, Thamudi people and Al-Hijr.What Quran says about cow meat? ›
There is no mention of cow slaughter in the Quran or the Sura-e-Baqar, the biggest chapter in the Quran. In India, we call the cow gai, and in Arabic it is called baqara or baqar.Which animal name is mentioned in Quran? ›
There are more than 200 verses in the Quran that mention animals, and six chapters are also dedicated to an animal: Surah Al Baqarah (The Cow), Surah Al Anaam (The Cattle), Surah Al Nahl (The Bees), Surah Al Naml (The Ants), Surah Al Ankabut (The Spider), and Surah Al Fil (The Elephant).
Hinduism specifically considers the zebu (Bos indicus) to be sacred. Respect for the lives of animals including cattle, diet in Hinduism and vegetarianism in India are based on the Hindu ethics.Which gods are present in cow? ›
All the gods are believed to reside in the body of Kamadhenu—the generic cow. Her four legs are the scriptural Vedas; her horns are the triune gods Brahma (tip), Vishnu (middle) and Shiva (base); her eyes are the sun and moon gods, her shoulders the fire-god Agni and the wind-god Vayu and her legs the Himalayas.What religions worship cows? ›
Few people, however, revere the cow like the world's 900 million adherents of Hinduism. Since the faith first evolved near Asia's Indus River more than 3,000 years ago, respect for animal life has been a central theme in Hindu life.What animal did Prophet Muhammad have? ›
Many Muslims believe that Muezza (or Muʿizza; Arabic: معزة) was Muhammad's favorite cat. Muhammad awoke one day to the sounds of the adhan. Preparing to attend prayer, he began to dress himself; however, he soon discovered his cat Muezza sleeping on the sleeve of his prayer robe.Is Locust Haram in Islam? ›
Locusts are considered halal or lawful food in Islam.Which insect spoke in the Quran? ›
|الْنَّمْل Al-Naml Ants|
|No. of Rukus||7|
|No. of verses||93|
|No. of Sajdahs||1 (verse 26)|
|Opening muqaṭṭaʻāt||Ṭā Sīn طس|
The Verse of Loan (Arabic: آية ٱلدين, 'āyatu d-dayn) is verse 282 in chapter Al-Baqara (Q2:282). This verse is the longest verse at the longest chapter in Quran.What is the moral of Surah Baqarah? ›
The main motto of our life should be to spend it in complete submission to Allah. We all come across situations where it becomes utterly difficult to obey Allah, where the world becomes too tempting. But let this verse remind you that that those who submit to Allah will have beautiful endings and a beautiful hereafter.