Understand the 7 visual elements of art and their importance (2022)

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Why do I need to understand the 7 visual elements of art?

Composition is the arrangement of visual elements of art in a painting or drawing. Understanding the elements of art is very important if you want to be able to create powerful compositions.

There are many elements of art of course, but the seven visual elements of art I list here are the most important ones to understand. They are color, form, line, shape, space, texture, and value. Mastery of these seven basic elements of art are important if you want to achieve some level of mastery in your art.

It is an understanding of these elements of art that makes your artwork interesting, and creates an impact on your viewers.

Visual elements of art — color

Coloris the visual element of the painting that has three properties: hue, saturation, and value.Color is what you see when light strikes an object and it is reflected back into the eye, and interpreted by the part of your brain that processes colors.

The first of the properties ishue, which what we think of as the main property of color, like red, blue, purple, green, and so on.

(Video) Understanding the Elements of Art

The second property is value, which defines the lightness or darkness of the visual element of color.

The third property is its saturation, which ranges from highly saturated colors to very grayed and neutral colors.

A simple representation of the color visual element is the color wheel. There are several types of color wheel but the easiest one for beginner artists to use is the Triadic color wheel which shows the hue of a color visual element.

Understand the 7 visual elements of art and their importance (1)

The Munsell color system is more complex because it defines all three visual properties of color: hue, saturation, and value. It is used by advanced artists to increase your understanding of color.

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Learn more about the:

  • three components of color in art
  • Munsell color system

Visual elements of art — value

As we described above, color has three components:hue,saturation, and value. The visual element of value ishow light or dark a color is, from white through gray to black. In theMunsellcolor system, a value 0is black and a value 10 is white. Without a good understanding of value, you will never achieve realism in your paintings.

For the sake of convenience this course uses the numbers one to refer to black and nine to refer to white, even though technically speaking, in the Munsell scale these numbers would refer to ‘almost black’ and ‘almost white’ respectively.

(Video) Elements of Art: Line | KQED Arts

Understand the 7 visual elements of art and their importance (3)

Learn more about value in art and why it is important to understand it.

Visual elements of art — line

A line visual elementis a mark that join two points, and can be used to indicate direction or movement. For example, a line can be added to a drawing or painting to direct the viewer’s eye to a particular area of the painting, or to suggest a path to travel through to keep the viewer’s eye moving around the artwork. Lines can be straight or curved, or a even a combination of both.

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A combination of lines are used to describe the outline of a regular shape, such as a square, circle, or triangle, or an irregular shape such as a blob.

Visual elements of art — shape

The visual element of shape can refer to one of two things:

  • a two-dimensional area in a painting
  • a two-dimensional object in a painting

What defines a two-dimensional area?

It is an area of a painting that from a distance is approximately the same color (same hue, value, and saturation) throughout.

Master paintings generally have:

  1. A very small number of shapes (of the order of 7- 20) of unequal size when viewed from a distance (some very large, some middle size, and some small ones, the smaller ones being in thefocal areas).
  2. As you look more closely at the painting, the viewer notices that each of the small number of shapes you see when the painting is viewed from a distance are themselves further subdivided into a small number of unequal shapes.

In this painting by Joaquin Sorolla, you can see it is divided into three distinct shapes if you look at the different dark, light and medium areas of color.

(Video) Understanding the Visual Elements - SHAPE

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Understand the 7 visual elements of art and their importance (6)

What defines a two-dimensional object?

A shape visual element can be a geometrical shape such as circles, triangles, rectangles, and squares. They have height and width but no depth.

Understand the 7 visual elements of art and their importance (7)

Shape visual elements can also be something more freeform, irregular, or organic, such as a blob, splatter, spiked shape.

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Understand the 7 visual elements of art and their importance (9)

Visual elements of art — form

Form is a three-dimensional object that has height, width and depth, such as cubes, spheres and cylinders. It is the physical three-dimensional appearance and structure of an object.

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Understand the 7 visual elements of art and their importance (13)

More complex objects can also be simplified in terms of its light and shade. You do this by learning how to break these complex visual elements down into one or more simple objects. This level of detail of form is sufficient for many parts of your paintings – for example, trees and people in the middle distance.

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Read more about form in art and the 2 types of form

Visual elements of art — space

The visual element of spacerefers to thearea between and around objects in a painting. When you have achieved a good feeling of space in your artwork, then the viewer can recognize what you are trying to capture.

There are two different types of spaces you can use for different effects. Positive space refers to the areas of the work with the main subject of the painting, while negative space is the space around the main subject. One principle that says that you should actively design thenegative shapesto be beautiful shapes, and not let them happen as an automatic by product of drawing the positive shapes.

(Video) Understanding the Visual Elements - LINE

Visual elements of art — texture

Normally when we think of texture, we conjure up phrases like “soft as silk”, scratchy as a man’s stubble”, and “hard as rock”. Because painting and drawing are visual and not tactile, you have to represent objects and surfaces with your paint or pencil. Some artists add thick globs of paint to the canvas to emulate texture (such as rocks and waves), but this does not work for everything.

John Singer Sargent was a master at creating texture with a few brushstrokes. In these two figure paintings you can “feel” the softness of the satin and silk cloth, the fineness of the lace, the softness of the feather boa. Look carefully at the pearl necklace and you want to touch it to make sure is not real. With a lot of careful observation and masterly brushstrokes, you will be able to achieve the texture element of art in your paintings too.

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Understand the 7 visual elements of art and their importance (17)

What are the 7 elements of art?

Composition is the arrangement of visual elements of art in any painting or drawing. There are many elements of art, but the 7 visual elements of art that are the most important ones to understand are; color, form, line, shape, space, texture, and value. If you do not understand these 7 basic elements of art, you will never reach a master skill level.

Why is it important to understand the 7 elements of art?

Learning how to apply each element of art in your paintings is an essential part of composition, and is the main factor that leaves an impact on your viewers when they look at your painting.

(Video) Understanding the Visual Elements - FORM

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FAQs

Why is it important to understand the 7 elements of art? ›

The elements of art are both fun and useful. Remember ​line, shape, form, space, texture, value and color. Knowing these elements will allow you to analyze, appreciate, write and chat about art, as well as being of help should you create art yourself.

What are the 7 elements of Arts and explain each? ›

There are seven elements of art that are considered the building blocks of art as a whole. The seven elements are line, color, value, shape, form, space, and texture. We are going to review each of these in detail below.

What is the importance of the visual elements of art? ›

Understanding the visual elements of art is of key importance to see like an artist. Rather than looking at an object as what it represents, you will learn to see that object as an arrangement of different visual elements (shapes, textures, colors, lines, etc).

What are the main 7 basic elements of visual art? ›

ELEMENTS OF ART: The visual components of color, form, line, shape, space, texture, and value.

Why is it important to study and learn the elements and principles of arts? ›

First and most importantly, a person cannot create art without utilizing at least a few of them. Secondly, knowing what the elements of art are, it enables us to describe what an artist has done, analyse what is going on in a particular piece and communicate our thoughts and findings using a common language.

Why is it important for you to know the elements and principles? ›

The Elements and Principles of Art are important, foundational material for any good visual arts curriculum. Many art teachers know this to be true. Some of us base units around concepts like repetition and symmetry. We teach students to recognize the different types of balance and unity.

How do you describe the visual elements of art? ›

The Visual Elements are Line, Shape, Tone, Color, Pattern, Texture and Form. They are the building blocks of composition in art. The Visual Elements are Line - Shape - Tone - Color - Pattern - Texture - Form. They are the building blocks of composition in art.

What is the most important element of art and why? ›

Line: A very important Element of Art is “Line”. Imagine a work of art with no use of lines. Whether it is a drawing, painting, or sculpture, lines are important. They help form shapes, and also can communicate an idea or feeling.

How do you remember the 7 elements of art? ›

  1. Elements & Principles of Art.
  2. The Mnemonic Device we use for the Elements of Art is:
  3. Sam Can View The Land From Space.
  4. The Mnemonic Device we use for the Principles is:
  5. BRUCE PM.
  6. Elements of Art.
  7. (building blocks of visual art)
  8. Line- Line is the path of a point moving through space.

What are the importance purpose of using forms in arts or design? ›

As one of the elements of art, along with the line, shape, texture, value, space, and color, form in art helps artists to produce an illusion of 3D and depth on a two-dimensional surface.

What are the elements and principles of art and their meaning and examples? ›

These are line, shape, color, value, form, texture, and space. The principles of art represent how the artist uses the elements of art to create an effect and to help convey the artist's intent. The principles of art and design are balance, contrast, emphasis, movement, pattern, rhythm, and unity/variety.

What is the importance of variety in art? ›

Variety is the principle of art that adds interest to an artwork. Variety works through juxtaposition and contrast. When an artist places different visual elements next to one another, he/she is using variety. Straight lines next to curvy lines add variety.

How can you apply the elements of arts in your daily life? ›

All kinds of art can affect our mood in a positive way, making us feel happier, calmer, or even inspired to do something. Everywhere you go art is evident. Parks often use sculptures to add interest and to inform people. Posters on walls give information and motivation.

Why is it important to have extensive knowledge about the elements of art and the principles of design for an art teacher? ›

Introducing the various principles of art step by step after teaching the elements of art allows student to understand center of interest, harmony, unity, balance and other principles of art in a finished composition, and then how to create a balanced and interesting composition themselves.

What is the importance of art elements and principles of design in photography? ›

The seven principles of art and design in photography; balance, rhythm, pattern, emphasis, contrast, unity and movement, form the foundation of visual arts. Using the seven principles allows you to take greater control of your photographic practice. This will lead to better photos and more photographic opportunities.

How are these elements and the principles of art important in creating an artwork? ›

The elements of art are the visual tools that the artist uses to create a composition. These are line, shape, color, value, form, texture, and space. The principles of art represent how the artist uses the elements of art to create an effect and to help convey the artist's intent.

What is the meaning of value in elements of art? ›

Value defines how light or dark a given color or hue can be. Values are best understood when visualized as a scale or gradient, from dark to light. The more tonal variants in an image, the lower the contrast. When shades of similar value are used together, they also create a low contrast image.

What are visual elements of art Brainly? ›

Visual elements are the building blocks of art and design. There are 7 visual elements in total, they are line, shape, color, value, form, texture, and space.

What is the most important element or principle of art which made your dream house beautiful? ›

The choice of color in interior design is perhaps the most personal element. Everyone has a favorite color, and they have particular associations to certain colors. Colors can affect the feel of a room. Reds, yellows, and oranges give a warm aura, while blues, greens, and purples give a cool effect.

What is the most important part of an artwork called? ›

Focal Point – the most important part or area in a work of art. All other parts should center around, provide background for, or draw attention to the focal point. It is also called the center of interest.

Which is the most important principle of art? ›

HARMONY. The sense of continuity or similarity across an artwork that creates a connection and a flow of intent is called harmony. It is the most important and a very versatile principles of art.

What are the elements of art essay? ›

Elements of art are stylistic features that are included within an art piece to help the artist communicate. The seven most common elements include line, shape, texture, form, space, color and value, with the additions of mark making, and materiality.

What is the 7 elements of design? ›

The elements of design are the fundamental aspects of any visual design which include shape, color, space, form, line, value, and texture.

What is the best order to teach the elements of art? ›

The order I Teach the Elements of Art is: Line, Value, Color, Shape, Form, Space, and Texture. In my opinion, this order is easiest for children to understand and provides a natural progression of building blocks.

What is the importance of shapes in creating drawing and other forms of artwork? ›

Shapes can play important roles in the creation of drawings and paintings. Shape can help to create complex drawings and paintings, affect composition, and contribute to the balance within a work. Shape can also be defined as a two-dimensional area that is defined by a change in value or some other form of contrast.

What is the importance of color in art? ›

In works of art, artists use color to depict and describe the subject. Artists, especially painters, utilize their knowledge of color to portray mood, light, depth, and point of view in a work of art.

How do you understand art form? ›

Elements of Art: Form | KQED Arts - YouTube

Why is line considered the most important elements of art support your answer? ›

Line is the most basic visual element. Lines can be used to define shapes and figures, but also to indicate motion, emotion, and other elements.

What is the essence of the elements and principles of arts? ›

The elements of art are color, form, line, shape, space, and texture. The principles of art are scale, proportion, unity, variety, rhythm, mass, shape, space, balance, volume, perspective, and depth.

Why is it important to research on the context of an artwork? ›

'Context' in your drawings and artwork provide visual links that helps us to fully understand what your art is about. A drawing or painting may be beautiful without us knowing its context – we can enjoy the emotive colour, the energising mark-making, the lyrical shapes and patterns, etc.

What are the seven 7 arts? ›

Seven arts may refer to: The traditional subdivision of the arts, being Architecture, Sculpture, Painting, Literature, Music, Performing, and Film. The Seven Liberal Arts, being grammar, logic, rhetoric, arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy.

What are the 7 different forms of art in the Philippines? ›

The seven different art forms are Painting, Sculpture, Literature, Architecture, Theater, Film, and Music.

What do you understand about art? ›

art, also called (to distinguish it from other art forms) visual art, a visual object or experience consciously created through an expression of skill or imagination. The term art encompasses diverse media such as painting, sculpture, printmaking, drawing, decorative arts, photography, and installation.

What is the importance of rhythm in art? ›

Rhythm provides a path for the viewer's eye to follow in an artwork. Lines, shapes, color, brushstrokes, light, and space help the artist create this visual tempo.

What is the importance of art from the pre historic period to the contemporary society? ›

Art is an important glimpse into history because it is often one of the few things to survive. It can tell us stories, relate the moods and beliefs of an era, and allow us to relate to the people who came before us.

What is the meaning of variety in principles of art? ›

Variety refers to how artists and designers add complexity to their work using visual elements. Contrast, difference and change, and elaboration all add visual interest to an artist's work.

What is the most important element of art and why? ›

Line: A very important Element of Art is “Line”. Imagine a work of art with no use of lines. Whether it is a drawing, painting, or sculpture, lines are important. They help form shapes, and also can communicate an idea or feeling.

What did you learn about visual elements? ›

The Visual Elements are Line, Shape, Tone, Color, Pattern, Texture and Form. They are the building blocks of composition in art. The Visual Elements are Line - Shape - Tone - Color - Pattern - Texture - Form.

How do the element of artwork work together? ›

The elements of art are concrete visual components that work in tandem with principals of art that organize and harmonize them. Line, color, shape, form, value, space, and texture are the seven core elements of art and they often overlap and inform one another.

How do you describe the elements of art? ›

The elements of art are the building blocks of an artwork: color, line, shape, form, value, texture, and space. They are the tools artists use when creating an artwork. The principles of design are how those building blocks are arranged: contrast, rhythm, proportion, balance, unity, emphasis, movement, and variety.

How can you apply the elements of arts in your daily life? ›

All kinds of art can affect our mood in a positive way, making us feel happier, calmer, or even inspired to do something. Everywhere you go art is evident. Parks often use sculptures to add interest and to inform people. Posters on walls give information and motivation.

What is the most important element or principle of art which made your dream house beautiful? ›

The choice of color in interior design is perhaps the most personal element. Everyone has a favorite color, and they have particular associations to certain colors. Colors can affect the feel of a room. Reds, yellows, and oranges give a warm aura, while blues, greens, and purples give a cool effect.

What is the most important part of an artwork called? ›

Focal Point – the most important part or area in a work of art. All other parts should center around, provide background for, or draw attention to the focal point. It is also called the center of interest.

Why do visual elements help people remember more about what they are reading and seeing? ›

Visual Cues Trigger Emotions

Visuals cause a faster and stronger reaction than words. They help users engage with the content, and such emotional reactions influence information retention. This is because the visual memory is encoded in the medial temporal lobe of the brain, the same place where emotions are processed.

What is Visual Design explain in your own view? ›

Visual design focuses on the aesthetics of a site and its related materials by strategically implementing images, colors, fonts, and other elements. A successful visual design does not take away from the content on the page or function.

Why do we need to consider the art elements and principles in modifying an image? ›

The principles of design are made up of various mixes of the elements of design all put together in one picture, making the picture look better. When more than one principle is used together an artist can create artwork that will amaze people and get good publicity, hopefully benefiting the artist who made them.

Why is it important to have extensive knowledge about the elements of art and the principles of design for an art teacher? ›

Introducing the various principles of art step by step after teaching the elements of art allows student to understand center of interest, harmony, unity, balance and other principles of art in a finished composition, and then how to create a balanced and interesting composition themselves.

What are the visual elements of art appreciation? ›

There are 7 visual elements in total, they are line, shape, color, value, form, texture, and space.

Why is the relationship between elements and principles of composition very important to art production? ›

Using the Elements and Principles

The elements and principles of art are tools that let us understand how a composition was put together, and why it either looks good or doesn't. These same elements and principles can be used to describe all artwork, from the most representational to the most abstract.

What is the meaning of value in elements of art? ›

Value defines how light or dark a given color or hue can be. Values are best understood when visualized as a scale or gradient, from dark to light. The more tonal variants in an image, the lower the contrast. When shades of similar value are used together, they also create a low contrast image.

What are the elements of art essay? ›

Elements of art are stylistic features that are included within an art piece to help the artist communicate. The seven most common elements include line, shape, texture, form, space, color and value, with the additions of mark making, and materiality.

Why is it important to research on the context of an artwork? ›

'Context' in your drawings and artwork provide visual links that helps us to fully understand what your art is about. A drawing or painting may be beautiful without us knowing its context – we can enjoy the emotive colour, the energising mark-making, the lyrical shapes and patterns, etc.

Videos

1. Understanding the Visual Elements - PATTERN
(Art Bites)
2. 7 Elements of Art
(Lyle's World)
3. Elements of Art
(Melissa Allshouse)
4. Understanding the Visual Elements - COLOUR
(Art Bites)
5. Understanding the Visual Elements - TEXTURE
(Art Bites)
6. Understanding the Visual Elements - TONE
(Art Bites)

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