Tafsir Surah Ar-Ra'd - 12 - Quran.com (2023)

Clouds, Thunder and Lightning are Signs of Allah's Power

Allah states that He has full power over Al-Barq (lightning), which is the bright light that originates from within clouds. Ibn Jarir recorded that Ibn `Abbas once wrote to Abu Al-Jald asking about the meaning of Al-Barq, and he said that it is water. Qatadah commented on Allah's statement,

خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا

(as a fear and as a hope.) "Fear for travelers, for they feel afraid of its harm and hardship, and hope for residents, awaiting its blessing and benefit and anticipating Allah's provisions." Allah said next,

وَيُنْشِىءُ السَّحَابَ الثِّقَالَ

(And it is He Who brings up the clouds, heavy.) meaning, He originates the clouds that are heavy and close to the ground because of being laden with rain. Mujahid said that this part of the Ayah is about clouds that are heavy with rain. Allah's statement,

وَيُسَبِّحُ الرَّعْدُ بِحَمْدِهِ

(And Ar-Ra'd (thunder) glorifies and praises Him), is similar to His other statement,

(Video) Quran Tafsir #12: Surah al-Ra'd & Surah Ibrahim | Shaykh Dr. Yasir Qadhi & Shaykh Sajjad

وَإِن مِّن شَىْءٍ إِلاَّ يُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدَهِ

(And there is not a thing but glorifies His praise.) 17:44 Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibrahim bin Sa`d said, "My father told me that he was sitting next to Hamid bin `Abdur Rahman in the Masjid. A man from the tribe of Ghifar passed and Hamid sent someone to him to please come to them. When he came, Hamid said to me, `My nephew! Make space for him between me and you, for he had accompanied Allah's Messenger .' When that man came, he sat between me and Hamid and Hamid said to him, `What was the Hadith that you narrated to me from the Messenger of Allah ' He said, `A man from Ghifar said that he heard the Prophet say, i

«إِنَّ اللهَ يُنْشِىءُ السَّحَابَ فَيَنْطِقُ أَحْسَنَ النُّطْقِ، وَيَضْحَكُ أَحْسَنَ الضَّحِك»

(Verily, Allah originates the clouds, and they speak in the most beautiful voice and laugh in the most beautiful manner.) It appears, and Allah has the best knowledge, that the cloud's voice is in reference to thunder and its laughter is the lightning. Musa bin `Ubaydah narrated that Sa`d bin Ibrahim said, "Allah sends the rain and indeed, none has a better smile than it, nor more comforting voice. Its smile is lightning and its voice is thunder."

Supplicating to Allah upon hearing Ar-Ra`d (Thunder)

Imam Ahmad recorded that Salim bin `Abdullah narrated that his father said that the Messenger of Allah used to say upon hearing the thunder and thunderbolts,

«اللَّهُمَّ لَا تَقْتُلْنَا بِغَضَبِكَ، وَلَا تُهْلِكْنَا بِعَذَابِكَ، وَعَافِنَا قَبْل ذَلِك»

(O Allah! Do not kill us with Your anger, nor destroy us with Your torment, and save us before that." This Hadith was recorded by At-Tirmidhi, Al-Bukhari in his book Al-Adab Al-Mufrad, An-Nasa'i in `Amal Al-Yawm wal-Laylah, and Al-Hakim in Al-Mustadrak. When `Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr used to hear thunder, he would stop talking and would supplicate, "All praise is to He Whom Ar-Ra`d (thunder) glorifies and praises, and so do the angels because of His awe." He would then say, "This is a stern warning to the people of earth." Malik collected this Hadith in Al-Muwatta', and Al-Bukhari in Al-Adab Al-Mufrad. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Video) Qur'an Surah 13. Ar-Ra'D (The Thunder) - English Explanation

«قَالَ رَبُّكُمْ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ: لَوْ أَنَّ عَبِيدِي أَطَاعُونِي لَأَسْقَيْتُهُمُ الْمَطَرَ بِاللَّيْلِ، وَأَطْلَعْتُ عَلَيْهِمُ الشَّمْسَ بِالنَّهَارِ، وَلَمَا أَسْمَعْتُهُمْ صَوْتَ الرَّعْد»

(Your Lord, the Exalted and Most High, said, `Had My servants obeyed Me, I would have given them rain by night and the sun by day, and would not have made them hear the sound of the Ra`d (thunder).') Allah's statement,

وَيُرْسِلُ الصَّوَعِقَ فَيُصِيبُ بِهَا مَن يَشَآءُ

(He sends the thunderbolts, and therewith He strikes whom He wills,) indicates that He sends thunderbolts as punishment upon whom He wills, and this is why thunderbolts increase as time comes to an end. Al-Hafiz Abu Al-Qasim At-Tabarani narrated that Ibn `Abbas said that Arbad bin Qays bin Juzu' bin Julayd bin Ja`far bin Kulab, and `Amir bin At-Tufayl bin Malik came to Al-Madinah to the Messenger of Allah and sat where he was sitting. `Amir bin At-Tufayl said, "O Muhammad! What will you give me if I embrace Islam" The Messenger of Allah said,

«لَكَ مَا لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ وَعَلَيْكَ مَا عَلَيْهِم»

(You will have the rights and duties of all Muslims.) `Amir bin At-Tufayl said, "Will you make me your successor if I embrace Islam" The Messenger of Allah said,

«لَيْسَ ذَلِكَ لَكَ وَلَا لِقَوْمِكَ، وَلَكِنْ لَكَ أَعِنَّةَ الْخَيْل»

(Video) 13 Surah Ar Ra'd Part 1 Nouman Ali Khan

(That is not your right, nor your people's right. However, I could appoint you a commander of the horsemen (i.e., war).) `Amir said, "I am already the commander of the horsemen of Najd (in the north of Arabia). Give me control over the desert and you keep the cities." The Messenger of Allah refused. When these two men were leaving the Messenger of Allah , `Amir said, "By Allah! I will fill it (Al-Madinah) with horses and men (hostile to Muslims)." The Messenger of Allah replied,

«يَمْنَعُكَ الله»

(Rather, Allah will prevent you. ) When `Amir and Arbad left, `Amir said, "O Arbad! I will keep Muhammad busy while talking to him, so you can strike him with the sword. Verily, if you kill Muhammad, the people (Muslims) will agree to take blood money and will hate to wage war over his murder. Then we will give them the blood money." Arbad said, "I will do that," and they went back to the Messenger . `Amir said, "O Muhammad! Stand next to me so that I can talk to you." The Messenger stood up, and they both stood next to a wall talking to each other. Arbad wanted to grab his sword, but his hand froze when it touched the sword's handle and he could not take the sword out of its sheath. Arbad did not strike the Messenger as `Amir suggested, and the Messenger of Allah looked at Arbad and realized what he was doing, so he departed. When Arbad and `Amir left the Messenger of Allah and arrived at Al-Harrah of Waqim area, they dismounted from their horses. However, Sa`d bin Mu`adh and Usayd bin Hudayr came out saying, "Come, O enemies of Allah! May Allah curse you." `Amir asked, "Who is this with you, O Sa`d" Sa`d said, "This is Usayd bin Hudayr." They fled until they reached the Riqm area, where Allah struck Arbad with a bolt of lightning and he met his demise. As for `Amir, he went on until he reached the Kharim area, where Allah sent an open ulcer that struck him. During that night, `Amir took refuge in a woman's house, from Banu Salul. `Amir kept touching his open ulcer and saying, "An ulcer as big as a camel's hump, while I am at the house of a woman from Bani Salul, seeking to bring my death in her house!" He rode his horse, but he died while riding it headed to his area. Allah sent down these Ayat (13:8-11) in their case,

اللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَحْمِلُ كُلُّ أُنثَى

(Allah knows what every female bears) until,

وَمَا لَهُمْ مِّن دُونِهِ مِن وَالٍ

(..and they will find besides Him no protector.) Ibn `Abbas commented, "The angels in succession, guard Muhammad, peace be upon him, by the command of Allah." He next mentioned the demise of Arbad by Allah's command, reciting this Ayah,

(Video) Tafseer Surat Al Ra'd ( Surah 13) Part 1

وَيُرْسِلُ الصَّوَعِقَ

(He sends the thunderbolts,)" Allah said next,

وَهُمْ يُجَـدِلُونَ فِى اللَّهِ

(yet they (disbelievers) dispute about Allah.) they doubt Allah's greatness and that there is no deity worthy of worship except Him,

وَهُوَ شَدِيدُ الْمِحَالِ

(And He is Mighty in strength and Severe in punishment.) Allah's torment is severe against those who rebel against Him, defy Him and persist in disbelief, according to the Tafsir of Ibn Jarir At-Tabari. There is a similar Ayah in the Qur'an,

وَمَكَرُواْ مَكْراً وَمَكَرْنَا مَكْراً وَهُمْ لاَ يَشْعُرُونَ - فَانظُرْ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَـقِبَةُ مَكْرِهِمْ أَنَّا دَمَّرْنَـهُمْ وَقَوْمَهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

(Video) Surah 13 Ar Rad Ayat 12 by Nouman Ali khan

(So they plotted a plot, and We planned a plan, while they perceived not. Then see how was the end of their plot! Verily, We destroyed them and their nation all together.)27:50-51 `Ali bin Abi Talib said that,

وَهُوَ شَدِيدُ الْمِحَالِ

(And He is Mighty in strength and Severe in punishment (Al-Mihal)), means, His punishment is severe.

FAQs

What is Surah Raad about? ›

Ra or ALMR). This Sura is concerned with the oneness of God, the message, the Day of judgement, and the penalty. The Sura revolves around an important axis that what is truth is clear through power and stability; what is falsehood is clear through its weakness.

In which para is Surah ra d? ›

About Surah Ar-Ra'd:

Surah Ar-Ra'd (in Arabic text: الرعد‎) is the 13th chapter of the Qur'an.

What are the benefits of surah Raad? ›

Whoever recites Surah Ar-Raad will be made from among those who fulfill their promise to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) and will be rewarded with his sins being replaced by tenfold good deeds.

When was surah Raad revealed? ›

Period of Revelation

27-31 and vv. 34-48) shows that this Surah was revealed in the last stage of the Mission of the Holy Prophet at Makkah and during the same period in which Surahs Yunus, Hud and Al- A'araf were sent down.

Is Raad name of Angel? ›

Raad, is the angel of thunder who watches over and maintains clouds and storms and lightning. It was reputed that the coming of storms would make Muhammad deeply anxious and the weather would be reflected on his face.

Where was surah ar ra'd revealed? ›

This Surah was revealed in the last stage of the Prophet's residence at Makkah and during the same period in which Surahs Yunus, Hud and Al-A'raf were revealed.

Why was surah Ar Rad revealed? ›

| Top Quran Classes. Some of the verses of surah ra d ( Arabic: سورة الرعد ) written Ar-Ra'd were revealed when the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent a man from among the masters of the Arabs to invite him to Islam.

Which Para is Mulk? ›

Al-Mulk (Arabic: الملك, "Sovereignty, Kingdom") is the 67th chapter (surah) of the Quran, comprising 30 verses. The surah emphasizes that no individual can impose his will on another; he may only guide and set an example (67:26).

Which Surah every verse end with RA? ›

Surah Al-'Asr also ends 'Ra'.

Which Para is big in Quran? ›

Al-Baqara, alternatively transliterated Al-Baqarah (Arabic: الْبَقَرَة, 'al-baqarah; lit. "The Heifer" or "The Cow"), is the second and longest chapter (surah) of the Quran.

Which surah is for miracle? ›

Tafsir Surah As-Saffat - 15 - Quran.com. The word: آيَةً ('ayt tan) in verse وَإِذَا رَ‌أَوْا آيَةً (And when they see a sign) literally means 'sign' and at this place it means 'miracle.

What is the most calming surah? ›

Surah Al-Inshirah

The 94th chapter of the Quran contains themes of hope and comfort. It was revealed around the same time as Surah Duha. Surah Inshirah urges not to give up under hardships and stress.

Why is Ruqyah important? ›

As well as providing a means of cure, ruqyah is an excellent way for the believers to build their īmān and reaffirm their tawḥīd for Allah (subḥānahū wa taʿālā). This is because seeking treatment through the Glorious Qur'ān undoubtedly demonstrates complete belief in the Book of Allah (subḥānahū wa taʿālā).

Who was the blind Sahabi? ›

Abdullah Ibn Umm-Maktum was the son of Qays Ibn Zayd and Aatikah Bint Abdullah. He was blind by birth and hence his mother was called Umm-Maktum (Mother of the concealed one). Ibn Umm-Maktum was a cousin of Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, Muhammad's first wife.

Which Surah was revealed when Prophet was depressed? ›

Surah Ad-Duha was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (saw) at a time when he had not received any revelation for six months. The Prophet (saw) was disturbed and depressed believing that Allah was displeased with him, had forgotten him.

What was the first āyāt revealed? ›

The first expression of the Quran that was revealed upon the Prophet Muhammad ﷺby Allah in the caves of Hira was the verse from Surah Al Alaq: "IQRA” (Read) This verse was the leading ray of the Divine Light sparkled into the sacred heart of the Prophetﷺ.

What are the 3 names of angels? ›

Answer: The Big Three archangels are Michael, Gabriel and Raphael, and those are the only three venerated by Catholics. Protestants and Jehovah's Witnesses venerate Michael as the only named archangel.

Who is Queen of angels? ›

The close connection between the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Holy Angels is one we see throughout her life on Earth: at the Annunciation, the Nativity of her Divine Son, her Assumption into heaven, and finally her Coronation as Queen of Angels and Men.

What does Raad mean? ›

Noun (1) Dutch, literally, counsel, council; akin to Old English rǣd advice, counsel, council.

How do hearts find peace according to the Surah Al Ra D? ›

the ones who believe and their hearts are peaceful with the remembrance of Allah. Listen, the hearts find peace only in the remembrance of Allah.” The ones who have believed and whose hearts (feel) composed with the Remembrance of Allah -verily in the Remembrance of Allah the hearts are composed!

Which night was Quran was reveal? ›

Laylat al-Qadr, (Arabic: “Night of Power”) Islamic festival that commemorates the night on which God first revealed the Qurʾān to the Prophet Muhammad through the angel Gabriel (Jibrīl). It is believed to have taken place on one of the final 10 nights of Ramadan in 610 ce, though the exact night is unclear.

What is the lesson of Surah Al Asr? ›

This surah opens with admonition to humankind. Allah takes an oath by “time” and declares that humankind is in a state of loss. Every single human being, man or woman, is in a state of loss except those who strive and do four things; believe, do righteous deeds, and recommend one another to truth, and to sabr.

What does the 3rd verse of Surah Asr describes about? ›

(103:3) save those who have faith and do righteous deeds, and counsel each other to hold on to truth and counsel each other to be steadfast.

Who is RAB Allah? ›

Rabb (Arabic: رب, Rabb, sometimes "rabb (-i/-u/-a)"), is often used to refer to God in Arabic (Allah) as the "Lord" or "master". It is used by adherents of various religions, including Muslims, Christians, Hindus, and Sikhs across the Middle East and Indian subcontinent in reference to the Supreme Being.

Which surah is father of Quran? ›

Yusuf (surah)
يُوسُف Yusuf Joseph
Arabic text Audio file English translation
ClassificationMeccan
PositionJuzʼ 12 to 13
No. of verses111
2 more rows

What happens if you read Surah Mulk? ›

Hadhrat Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (Allah be pleased with him) reported “The one who recites Surah Tabaarak (Al-Mulk) every night, Allah Almighty will spare him from the torment of the grave; we used to call this Surah Maani'a in the sacred era of the beloved Holy Prophet (peace be upon him, his family and companions).”

What surah do you read before sleeping? ›

3 Surahs we can read before sleeping

Before going to sleep, we can also read the 'Three Quls' (Surah Al-Ikhlas, Al-Falaq and An-Nas).

Which sūrah does not start with Bismillah? ›

Omission of Bismillah

However, Surat at-Tawbah begins with an ultimatum to certain polytheists in Arabia.

What is RA after a name in Islam? ›

Some honorifics are used after companions (Aṣ-Ṣaẖābah) of Muḥammad: Raḍiya 'llāhu 'an-hu (Arabic: رضي الله عنه) Translation: "May Allāh be pleased with him" Abbreviation: "RA"

Which sūrah has the word Allah in every verse? ›

The surah which has mentioned Allah in every verse is Surah Al-Mujadala, meaning The Dispute.

Which is longest Ayat in Quran? ›

The Verse of Loan (Arabic: آية ٱلدين, 'āyatu d-dayn) is verse 282 in chapter Al-Baqara (Q2:282). This verse is the longest verse at the longest chapter in Quran.

Which is smallest surah in Quran? ›

The chapters or surahs are of unequal length; the shortest surah (Al-Kawthar) has only three verses while the longest (Al-Baqara) contains 286 verses. Of the 114 chapters in the Quran, 86 are classified as Meccan, while 28 are Medinan.

Why is baqarah called the cow? ›

Surah 2:124-137 - The Cow - Al Baqarah (The title of this surah refers to an argument between Moses and the Israelites over a cow they should sacrifice in order to make known the murder of a slain man. This is the longest of all the surah, numbering 286 ayah or verses.

Why was Surah Ar Rad revealed? ›

| Top Quran Classes. Some of the verses of surah ra d ( Arabic: سورة الرعد ) written Ar-Ra'd were revealed when the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent a man from among the masters of the Arabs to invite him to Islam.

What is the meaning of Surah Al Ma Arij? ›

Al-Maʻārij (Arabic: المعارج, “The Ascending Stairways”) is the seventieth chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an, with 44 verses (āyāt). The Surah takes its name from the word dhil Ma'arij in the third ayah. The word appears twice in the Quran. Abdullah Yusuf Ali, an Indian Islamic scholar, introduces the surah as “...

What is the main message in Surah Hujrat? ›

The chapter contains etiquette and norms to be observed in the Muslim community, including the proper conduct towards the Islamic prophet, Muhammad, an injunction against acting on news without verification, a call for peace and reconciliation, as well as injunctions against defamation, suspicion, and backbiting.

Where was Surah ar ra'd revealed? ›

This Surah was revealed in the last stage of the Prophet's residence at Makkah and during the same period in which Surahs Yunus, Hud and Al-A'raf were revealed.

Which surah is the mother of the book? ›

al-Fatiha, the first Surah of the Quran, also referred to as Umm al-Kitab or Umm al-Qur'an. Heavenly Quran, known in Arabic as Umm al-Kitab.

Which surah of Quran is without Bismillah? ›

At-Tawbah (Arabic: ٱلتوبة, at-Tawbah; meaning: The Repentance), also known as Bara'ah (Arabic: براءة, Barāʾah; meaning: Repudiation), is the ninth chapter (sūrah) of the Quran.

Who is the woman who said in the opening of a surath that Allah has heard the words of a woman who is the husband which surah? ›

According to the Islamic tradition, Khaula prayed to God about her predicament, and then God revealed the first six verses of Al-Mujadila to Muhammad, stating that her prayer was heard, overruling Muhammad and effectively outlawing the practice of zihar.

What is the saddest surah in the Quran? ›

Sad (Arabic: ص, Ṣād; "The Letter Sad") is the 38th chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an with 88 verses (āyāt) and 1 sajdah ۩ (38:24). Sad (ص) is the name of the eighteenth letter in the Arabic alphabet.
...
Ṣād (surah)
ص Sad Sad
Opening muqaṭṭaʻātṢād ص
Quran 39 →
6 more rows

Which surah was revealed when Prophet was depressed? ›

Surah Ad-Duha was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (saw) at a time when he had not received any revelation for six months. The Prophet (saw) was disturbed and depressed believing that Allah was displeased with him, had forgotten him.

What is the lesson of surah Al Adiyat? ›

Saadiq continues sharing even more lessons from Al-'Adiyat that on the Day of Judgment all will be revealed. Now is the time to repent and have our errors erased by Allah. Yusuf advises how Allah is reminding us of the consequences of our actions so we don't go too far in disobedience and disbelief.

Videos

1. Part 1 || Tafsir Surah al-Ra'd || Ustadh Abdul Rahman Hassan
(Abdulrahman Hassan)
2. Quran: 13. Surat Ar-Ra'd (The Thunder): Arabic and English translation HD
(The Meaning Of Islam)
3. The Message of The Quran - Part 12: Surah Al-Ra`d and Surah Ibrahīm | Shaykh Dr. Yasir Qadhi
(Yasir Qadhi)
4. 13 Surah Rad Dr Israr Ahmed Urdu
(The Living Verses - Holy Quran)
5. Surah 13 Ar Rad Ayat 1 by Nouman Ali khan
(guiding directions)
6. Surah 13 Ar Rad Ayat 11 by Nouman Ali khan
(guiding directions)
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