Raja Ravi Varma: A Poet of Aesthetic and Cultural Confluence - Google Arts & Culture (2022)

Philadelphia-based Patrick Connors, a lecturer at Yale University, analyses Ravi Varma's paintings, vis-a-vis their technical specifications. He dwells on Chiaroscuro techniques and composition of each painting from the perspective of a present-day artist.

By Raja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation

Adapted from a lecture by Patrick Connors exclusively presented for the Raja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation.

Ravi Varma received rudimentary training in European style oil painting. Yet his work displays the three classic pictorial structures of Western art - Spatial depiction, Chiaroscuro, and Chromatic Development. These structures facilitated the expression of Varma's personal poetry.

Ravana Carrying Off Sita and Opposed by Jatayu, Raja Ravi Varma, 1906, Original Source: Srirkanta Datta Narasimharaja Wadiyar, Sri Jayachamarajendra Art Gallery Trust, Jaganmohan Palace, Mysore

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Hanuman's Discourse, Raja Ravi Varma, 1870, Original Source: Private Collection

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Patrick Connors, an American artist, teaches at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts among several others schools. Combining his skill and knowledge of arts, Connors examines technical specifications in Ravi Varma's oil paintings.

Music Hath Charms (Kadambari), Raja Ravi Varma, Circa 1890, Original Source: Collection of Madhu and Chander Verma

,

Hesitation, Raja Ravi Varma, 1880, Original Source: Salar Jung Museum, Hyderabad

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The Visual Revolution, known as the Italian Renaissance, was fueled by the concept that “light is subject matter.” Originating from this concept, two innovations, Linear Perspective and Chiaroscuro, defined not only its imagery but shaped the culture and thought of its people.

Rama Threatens The Ocean God Varuna On His Not Making Way For Him, Raja Ravi Varma, 1905, Original Source: Sri Jayachamarajendra Art Gallery Trust, Jaganmohan Palace, Mysore

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Sita in Ashoka Grove, Raja Ravi Varma, 1894, Original Source: Private Collection

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Linear Perspective in art refers to the system of creating depth on a flat surface. The ability to add depth and space to a two-dimensional space appealed to artists from the Renaissance period (15th Century). They appreciated new techniques in art and applied new mathematical theories to creativity. Leonardo Da Vinci was a master at using Linear Perspective in his work and said, “perspective is nothing else than the vision of a scene behind a flat and clear glass…”

Pai Raphael "School Of Athens" (1901)LIFE Photo Collection

School of Athens by Raphael

Ravi Varma recreated implicit moments that evoked contemplative moods for the viewer. Much like Raphael's School of Athens seen in the Vatican or Caravaggio's Calling of St. Matthews.

The Story of Light

These works showcase brilliant perspectives of light through objects like the window, shutter and table.

Quattrocento, which means "four hundred" for the years belonging to the fifteenth century, was one of the most important periods of European art and culture.

Early practitioners of the new art of perspective in the Quattrocento understood that its power lay not so much in revealing the way things are, as in manipulating the way things appear to be.

Varma followed this in his work.

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Chiaroscuro is the use of strong contrast between light and dark, in a manner that effects the composition of the work. Derived from the Italian words 'chiaro' which means 'light' and 'scuro' meaning 'dark', this technique is employed to define the three-dimensional quality in objects.

Sita in Ashoka Grove (1894) by Raja Ravi VarmaOriginal Source: Private Collection

The Art of Pictorial Structure

Ravi Varma cleverly manipulated pictorial structures to give them wonderful, emotive qualities. While many artists face difficulty manipulating the colour red, Ravi Varma managed to do it masterfully as is evident in this painting.

In terms of Chromatic development, notice the flesh tone on the demons and how the form is manipulated. Also note the shade of the sari draped around Sita. These are brilliant artistic observations that one doesn't consider because they are executed incredibly well by Varma.

Connors says: "This painting is one that alludes various emotions. The dark tones of the demons' skin is brilliant. It is very difficult to make flesh and fabric look more dark than light to give its Chiaroscuro resonance."

Shakuntala's Impending Calamity (1890) by Raja Ravi VarmaOriginal Source: Government Museum, Chennai, India

Poetry and Emotion

Ravi Varma manipulated the overall Chiaroscuro in each painting. Most times a painting is either too flat or too dark. Chiaroscuro is clearly present in his work to enhance the poetry of the narrative.

Poetry is emotion put into measure. The emotion must come by nature. But the measure can be acquired by art – Thomas Hardy, English poet.

Varma captures these poetic moments effortlessly in his work.

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Shakuntala Removing Thorn From Foot (1898) by Raja Ravi VarmaOriginal Source: Sri Chitra Art Gallery, Thiruvananthapuram

Composition & Spirituality of Painting

Varma brings together pictorial structure and invokes in the viewer a sense of empathy for young Shakuntala. Here the foreground of the painting is in shadow - but it is the middle ground that is in the light.

This is a composition that Raja Ravi Varma has so cleverly manipulated that our attention is brought to Shakuntala first. The eye then travels to the shadows and we notice of one of her companions.

The cloaked figure is an integral part of the painting, yet we don't actually see it at all. His head is covered with the cloak, but he is in the light and hence the viewer cannot miss him (or his presence) in the painting.

The construction of the landscape is similar to what you see in Italian Renaissance paintings. Ravi Varma gives each tree its due, enabling the viewer to sense the spirituality and romance of the moment.

A portrait, at its best, should be a poem... full of space and reverie – Charles Baudelaire, Salon of 1854.

A Portrait or Two

The art of portraiture has two structures - intimate and formal. The Miserby Ravi Varma is categorised as an intimate portrait, where the viewer contemplates the subject as a fellow human being.

Notice how the threshold of this portrait is maintained at eye level. It is like the artist is issuing an invitation to be face-to-face with the subject. Varma often adopted this technique when he was painting someone unknown to him.

Yuvaraj Kanterava Narasimharaja Wadiyar In A Hunting Dress (1902) by Raja Ravi VarmaOriginal Source: Sri Jayachamarajendra Art Gallery Trust, Jaganmohan Palace, Mysore

A Message In Each Portrait

This is a formal portrait of Yuvaraj Kanteerava Narasimharaja Wadiyar. It conveys the subject's status as the threshold of this painting is meant to look up to the model.

This kind of portrait indicates a person of importance as one who is looking down to others.

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These pictorial structures facilitated the expression of Ravi Varma's personal poetry. He depicted the mythological life of Hindu deities and religious figures, genres or scenes of everyday life, family life and from his travels the portraits of those he encountered. His artistic practices helped shape the perception of an emerging, modern India.

Credits: Story

Information & Research: Patrick Connors
Adapted From: Lecture by Patrick Connors titled 'Raja Ravi Varma: A Poet of Aesthetic & Cultural Confluence'
Additional Inputs: Raja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation
Images: Used with permission from Rupika Chawla's 'Raja Ravi Varma: Painter of Colonial India'
Copyright: Raja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation

Credits: All media

The story featured may in some cases have been created by an independent third party and may not always represent the views of the institutions, listed below, who have supplied the content.

Raja Ravi Varma Heritage FoundationLIFE Photo Collection

Stories from Raja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation

Online ExhibitMythological Stories by Ravi VarmaRaja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation
Online ExhibitKhadi: A canvas for Raja Ravi VarmaRaja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation
Online ExhibitYashoda Pointing To Balakrishna His CowsRaja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation
Online ExhibitIn Search Of His RootsRaja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation
Online ExhibitThe CoquetteRaja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation
Online ExhibitRaja Ravi Varma: Restoring A Master's GloryRaja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation
Online ExhibitThe Prince of PudukkottaiRaja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation
Online ExhibitRavi Varma's Mohini: The TemptressRaja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation
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FAQs

What is Raja Ravi famous for? ›

Raja Ravi Varma was an Indian painter and artist. He is considered among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His works are one of the best examples of the fusion of European academic art with a purely Indian sensibility and iconography.

What are the contributions of Raja Ravi Varma to Indian art elaborate? ›

Contributions: Made around 7,000 paintings. Apart from painting Hindu mythological figures, Varma also made portraits of many Indians as well as Europeans. Varma worked on both portrait and landscape paintings, and is considered among the first Indian artists to use oil paints.

Where can I see Raja Ravi Varma paintings? ›

Raja Ravi Varma

Who is the father of art? ›

Giorgio Vasari has been variously called the father of art history, the inventor of artistic biography, and the author of “the Bible of the Italian Renaissance”—a little book called The Lives of the Artists.

Who is the father of Indian art? ›

Raja Ravi Varma

Raja Ravi Varma
Raja Ravi Varma (Malayalam: രാജാ രവിവർമ്മ) (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) was an Indian painter and artist. He is considered among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His works are one of the best examples of the fusion of European academic art with a purely Indian sensibility and iconography.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Raja_Ravi_Varma
, also known as 'The Father of Modern Indian Art' was an Indian painter of the 18th century who attained fame and recognition for portraying scenes from the epics of the Mahabharata and Ramayana.

What was the theme of Ravi Verma painting? ›

Which one is the famous painting of Raja Ravi Verma? ›

Shakuntala or Shakuntala looking for Dushyanta

Dushyanta
He was the husband of Shakuntala and the father of the Emperor Bharata. He appears in the Mahabharata and in Kalidasa's play The Recognition of Sakuntala ( c. 300 CE). His name is also transliterated as Dusyanta or Dushyant, and means "Destroyer of the Evil" in Sanskrit.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Dushyanta
is an epic painting by Indian painter, Raja Ravi Varma
Raja Ravi Varma
Raja Ravi Varma (Malayalam: രാജാ രവിവർമ്മ) (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) was an Indian painter and artist. He is considered among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His works are one of the best examples of the fusion of European academic art with a purely Indian sensibility and iconography.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Raja_Ravi_Varma
. Ravi Varma, depicts Shakuntala, an important character of Mahabharata, pretending to remove a thorn from her foot, while actually looking for her husband/lover, Dushyantha, while her friends call her bluff.

Which one is the famous painting of Raja Ravi Varma? ›

The Portrait of a Lady

It is also considered as one of the most famous paintings by Raja Ravi Varma

Raja Ravi Varma
Raja Ravi Varma (Malayalam: രാജാ രവിവർമ്മ) (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) was an Indian painter and artist. He is considered among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His works are one of the best examples of the fusion of European academic art with a purely Indian sensibility and iconography.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Raja_Ravi_Varma
. This painting can be viewed at National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi.

Why is Raja Ravi Varma paintings famous? ›

Ravi Varma is particularly noted for his paintings depicting episodes from the story of Dushyanta and Shakuntala, and Nala and Damayanti, from the Mahabharata. Ravi Varma's representation of mythological characters has become a part of the Indian imagination of the epics.

What is the meaning of folk arts? ›

FOLK ART is an expression of the world's traditional cultures. FOLK ART is rooted in traditions that come from community and culture – expressing cultural identity by conveying shared community values and aesthetics.

Who is the first painter in the world? ›

The first painting was made by primitive men, believed to have been made by Homo Neanderthalis in the prehistoric era. Archaeological excavations carried out in Europe, Africa and Asia reveal that primitive men were the first painters and sculptors and demonstrated through these arts their daily lives.

What is black house in art? ›

Featured here is the Black House, a student hostel in the campus of Kalabhavan

Kalabhavan
Kala Bhavana (Institute of Fine Arts) is the fine arts faculty of Visva-Bharati University, in Shantiniketan, India. It is an institution of education and research in visual arts, founded in 1919, it was established by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Kala_Bhavana
, College of Arts, Shantiniketan. The building made of mud is designed by eminent artistes like Nandalal Bose, Surendranath Kar and Ramkinker Baij.

Who gave face to Indian gods? ›

A prolific artist, Raja Ravi Varma

Raja Ravi Varma
Raja Ravi Varma (Malayalam: രാജാ രവിവർമ്മ) (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) was an Indian painter and artist. He is considered among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His works are one of the best examples of the fusion of European academic art with a purely Indian sensibility and iconography.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Raja_Ravi_Varma
is believed to have made around 7,000 paintings before his death at the age of 58. April 29 is the birth anniversary of the famed Indian painter Raja Ravi Varma (1848-1906), remembered for giving Indians their western, classical representations of Hindu gods and goddesses.

Who is the famous painter of Kerala? ›

Vasudevan, the maestro painter of Kerala, popularly known as Artist Namboothiri. In the painters, domain of Kerala, the rise and popularity of Artist Namboothiri was indeed noteworthy.

Who is the mother of art? ›

Western architecture has laid claim to being the 'mother of the arts', because it has a maternal role in regard to sculpture, painting, caligraphy and many of the decorative arts.

Who first discovered art? ›

The earliest undisputed art originated with the Homo sapiens Aurignacian archaeological culture in the Upper Paleolithic. However, there is some evidence that the preference for the aesthetic emerged in the Middle Paleolithic, from 100,000 to 50,000 years ago.

Who started art history? ›

Heinrich Wölfflin (1864–1945), who studied under Burckhardt in Basel, is the "father" of modern art history.

Who is world famous painter? ›

Leonardo da Vinci, probably the most important Renaissance artist, is widely recognized as the most famous artist of all time. He's the genius behind the iconic Mona Lisa painting masterpiece, after all.

Who is the best painter in India? ›

7 Greatest Indian painters Of All Time
  • Maqbool Fida Hussain. (17 September 1915 – 9 June 2011.) ...
  • Raja Ravi Varma. (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) ...
  • Tyeb Mehta. (25th July 1925 – 2nd July 2009) ...
  • Amrita Sher-Gil. (30 January 1913 – 5 December 1941) ...
  • Syed Haider Raza. ...
  • Jamini Roy. ...
  • Francis Newton Souza.
8 Sept 2020

Who is the most famous Indian artist? ›

This is a list of notable artists who were born in India and or have a strong association with India.
  • Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941)
  • Raja Ravi Varma (1848–1906)
  • S. G. Thakur Singh (1899–1976)
  • Silpi (1919–1983)
  • Benode Behari Mukherjee (1904–1980)
  • Gaganendranath Tagore (1867–1938)
  • Sunil Das (1939–2015)

Who invented oil Colour? ›

During the 15th century, Jan van Eyck

Jan van Eyck
Jan van Eyck (/væn ˈaɪk/ van EYEK, Dutch: [ˈjɑn vɑn ˈɛik]; c. before 1390 – July 9, 1441) was a painter active in Bruges who was one of the early innovators of what became known as Early Netherlandish painting, and one of the most significant representatives of Early Northern Renaissance art.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Jan_van_Eyck
, a famous Belgian painter developed oil painting by mixing linseed oil and oil from nuts with diverse colors.

What is the main subject of Raja Ravi Varma painting? ›

His representations of Hindu gods and goddesses and characters in the epics and the Puranas reflected his absorption in Indian culture. His paintings, including Harischandra in Distress, Jatayu Vadha, and Shri Rama Vanquishing the Sea, captured dramatic moments from Indian mythology.

Who is known for painting horses? ›

George Stubbs, born in 1724, became so associated with his equestrian subjects that he was known as "the horse painter". A childhood interest in anatomy was applied to the horse. He spent eighteen months dissecting equine carcasses and had an engraver produce bookplates of his studies.

Which artist was known as the king of portrait in India? ›

Answer. Rembrandt he is known as king of portrait.

Where did Raja learn the art of painting? ›

"Seeing his artistic potential, his uncle took him to the royal court of Ayilyam Thirunal, the ruling king, so that he would learn art from the court painter. He also came across Theodore Jenson, a Dutch painter who was there to paint the royals.

Who painted the painting The Scream? ›

The National Museum in Oslo holds one of the world's most important collections of paintings by Edvard Munch, including such iconic works as "The Scream". These works are available for the public in The National Museum.

What was Raja Ravi Varma first painting? ›

Raja Ravi Varma's professional career commenced in 1870 when he was first commissioned to paint the family portrait of Kizakke Palat Krishna Menon. With this painting would commence a career which would alter the aesthetics of the people of the Indian sub-continent and beyond.

Which painting is famous of Shri bansilal Varma? ›

Answer. Answer: his illustration of Indian lady welcoming with folded hands is very popular.

How much does Raja Ravi Varma paintings cost? ›

The Indian, Himalayan and Southeast Asian Works of Art fetched USD 4.7 million while the property from the Cleveland Museum of Art brought in USD 1.1 million. The talking point, however, was a Raja Ravi Varma

Raja Ravi Varma
Raja Ravi Varma (Malayalam: രാജാ രവിവർമ്മ) (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) was an Indian painter and artist. He is considered among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His works are one of the best examples of the fusion of European academic art with a purely Indian sensibility and iconography.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Raja_Ravi_Varma
untitled (Damyanti), which went under the hammer for USD 1,692,500 ( Rs 11.9 crore approximately).

What is painting in art? ›

Painting is the application of pigments to a support surface that establishes an image, design or decoration. In art, the term 'painting' describes both the act and the result. Most painting is created with pigment in liquid form applied with a brush.

Who brought oil painting India? ›

The art of oil painting, which was innovated in ancient Greece, wasbrought to India by the European colonizers.

What do we mean by aesthetic? ›

1 aesthetics also esthetics\ es-​ˈthe-​tiks , is-​ , British usually ēs-​ \ plural in form but singular or plural in construction : a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty, art, and taste and with the creation and appreciation of beauty.

What is folk style of painting? ›

Folk Paintings are pictorial expressions of village painters which are marked by the subjects chosen from the epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata, Bhagvata Purana as well as daily village life, birds and animals and natural objects like sun, moon, plants and trees.

What is art simple words? ›

Britannica Dictionary definition of ART. 1. [noncount] : something that is created with imagination and skill and that is beautiful or that expresses important ideas or feelings.

Who is the best painter in the world 2022? ›

The richest painters in 2022 are led by John Currin

It is a stark contrast to the contemporary fashion and scenery in the pictures. Three of his most famous works are Hot Pants, Honeymoon Nude, and Nude on a Table. Painting is quite possibly the most beautiful expression on the planet.

Which is the No 1 painting in the world? ›

Mona Lisa (da Vinci)

Widely considered to be the most famous painting in the world, the Mona Lisa has delighted onlookers ever since it was painted in the early 1500s by Leonardo da Vinci. The painting is named for Lisa del Giocondo, a member of a wealthy family of Florence.

Who is the most famous painter today? ›

Gerhard Richter is at the very top of our list – the most famous living painter today. Born in 1932 in Dresden, Germany, Richter currently lives and works in Cologne, Germany.

Why is Raja Ravi Varma paintings famous? ›

Ravi Varma is particularly noted for his paintings depicting episodes from the story of Dushyanta and Shakuntala, and Nala and Damayanti, from the Mahabharata. Ravi Varma's representation of mythological characters has become a part of the Indian imagination of the epics.

Who is known for painting horses? ›

George Stubbs, born in 1724, became so associated with his equestrian subjects that he was known as "the horse painter". A childhood interest in anatomy was applied to the horse. He spent eighteen months dissecting equine carcasses and had an engraver produce bookplates of his studies.

Which one is the famous painting of Raja Ravi Verma? ›

Shakuntala or Shakuntala looking for Dushyanta

Dushyanta
He was the husband of Shakuntala and the father of the Emperor Bharata. He appears in the Mahabharata and in Kalidasa's play The Recognition of Sakuntala ( c. 300 CE). His name is also transliterated as Dusyanta or Dushyant, and means "Destroyer of the Evil" in Sanskrit.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Dushyanta
is an epic painting by Indian painter, Raja Ravi Varma
Raja Ravi Varma
Raja Ravi Varma (Malayalam: രാജാ രവിവർമ്മ) (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) was an Indian painter and artist. He is considered among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His works are one of the best examples of the fusion of European academic art with a purely Indian sensibility and iconography.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Raja_Ravi_Varma
. Ravi Varma, depicts Shakuntala, an important character of Mahabharata, pretending to remove a thorn from her foot, while actually looking for her husband/lover, Dushyantha, while her friends call her bluff.

Which one is the famous painting of Raja Ravi Varma? ›

The Portrait of a Lady

It is also considered as one of the most famous paintings by Raja Ravi Varma

Raja Ravi Varma
Raja Ravi Varma (Malayalam: രാജാ രവിവർമ്മ) (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) was an Indian painter and artist. He is considered among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His works are one of the best examples of the fusion of European academic art with a purely Indian sensibility and iconography.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Raja_Ravi_Varma
. This painting can be viewed at National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi.

What was the theme of Ravi Verma painting? ›

What is black house in art? ›

Featured here is the Black House, a student hostel in the campus of Kalabhavan

Kalabhavan
Kala Bhavana (Institute of Fine Arts) is the fine arts faculty of Visva-Bharati University, in Shantiniketan, India. It is an institution of education and research in visual arts, founded in 1919, it was established by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Kala_Bhavana
, College of Arts, Shantiniketan. The building made of mud is designed by eminent artistes like Nandalal Bose, Surendranath Kar and Ramkinker Baij.

What is painting in art? ›

Painting is the application of pigments to a support surface that establishes an image, design or decoration. In art, the term 'painting' describes both the act and the result. Most painting is created with pigment in liquid form applied with a brush.

Who is the best horse painter? ›

Degas is easily the most famous painter of racehorses. He is thought of as one of the earliest practitioners of what came to be known as Impressionism, though the artist himself disliked that term because his work was about disciplined technique, not the so-called spontaneity associated with that movement.

Who is known for painting horses in India? ›

Husain was an Indian painter best known for his brightly colored works depicting horses, urban landscapes, the Bollywood star Madhuri Dixit, and nude Hindu goddesses.

What is the meaning of horse painting? ›

For years horse paintings have been an essential part of home interior design. Horses, particularly galloping horses, come to mind when we think of paintings that elicit a positive response. Horse painting is a great way to draw positive energy to our homes. Horses represent achievement, strength, progress, and peace.

Who gave face to Indian gods? ›

A prolific artist, Raja Ravi Varma

Raja Ravi Varma
Raja Ravi Varma (Malayalam: രാജാ രവിവർമ്മ) (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) was an Indian painter and artist. He is considered among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art. His works are one of the best examples of the fusion of European academic art with a purely Indian sensibility and iconography.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Raja_Ravi_Varma
is believed to have made around 7,000 paintings before his death at the age of 58. April 29 is the birth anniversary of the famed Indian painter Raja Ravi Varma (1848-1906), remembered for giving Indians their western, classical representations of Hindu gods and goddesses.

Which artist was known as the king of portrait in India? ›

Answer. Rembrandt he is known as king of portrait.

What is the main subject of Raja Ravi Varma painting? ›

His representations of Hindu gods and goddesses and characters in the epics and the Puranas reflected his absorption in Indian culture. His paintings, including Harischandra in Distress, Jatayu Vadha, and Shri Rama Vanquishing the Sea, captured dramatic moments from Indian mythology.

What was Raja Ravi Varma first painting? ›

Raja Ravi Varma's professional career commenced in 1870 when he was first commissioned to paint the family portrait of Kizakke Palat Krishna Menon. With this painting would commence a career which would alter the aesthetics of the people of the Indian sub-continent and beyond.

How many paintings did Raja Ravi Varma paint? ›

One of the most prolific Indian artists, he is said to have made more than 2,000 paintings before he died at the age of 58.

Who painted the painting The Scream? ›

The National Museum in Oslo holds one of the world's most important collections of paintings by Edvard Munch, including such iconic works as "The Scream". These works are available for the public in The National Museum.

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